22.  I will declare Your name to My brethren;

In this verse we change scenes from the cross to the resurrection.  We see the sufferer triumphant at last in answer to his desperate request of verses 19-21.  Now, saved from His trouble and brought back to life in resurrection, He declares the great name (reputation) of the LORD to His brethren.  “Brethren” probably refers to the people of Israel as a whole, although we know that one of Christ’s great concerns after His resurrection was that His literal brethren be told.  See John 20:17.

In the midst of the congregation I will praise You.

This is the verse from which by the law of divine interchange we learn that the Hebrew word qahal and the Greek word ekklesia are to be viewed as one and the same.  For this verse is quoted in Hebrews 2:12, and there the word qahal is translated by the word ekklesia.  Thus God establishes these words as having the same meaning.  Thus the idea that the “church” is a New Testament concept only and never appears in the Old Testament is found to be entirely false.  The word qahal, which means the same thing as ekklesia, appears all throughout the Old Testament.  The “church” is not the stark contrast to Israel that many would make it out to be, for Israel is spoken of as having a “church” time and time again!

The meaning of qahal is the representative body or assembly of Israel.  Included in it are all the leaders of the people.  It is before these, Israel’s representative leaders, that Christ offers this praise.

23.  You who fear the LORD, praise Him!

This is Christ’s exhortation to His brethren and to the qahal.  He calls upon those who reverence the LORD to praise Him for what He has done in raising our Lord from the dead.

All you descendants of Jacob, glorify Him,

This shows that these qahal members are made up of the descendants of Jacob, and not Gentile believers of today.  These are called upon to glorify (or to make of supreme importance) the LORD.

And fear Him, all you offspring of Israel!

They are to reverence and to stand in awe of this great One Who is able to raise us all from the dead.

24.  For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted;

Notice Christ’s praise for His deliverance in resurrection.  He was not helped while He was dying on the cross.  Death for a time was allowed to have power over Him.  In the same way when we or those close to us die, this does not mean that God has failed to help us or care about our troubles.  Our final deliverance from death can come after we die, when we are raised from the dead.  All true victory comes at that time, and it is upon that time we must focus, not our current days of trouble and suffering.

Nor has He hidden His face from Him;

Although it seemed that such was the case as He hung on the cross, His deliverance in resurrection proved that this was not actually true.  In the same way the LORD can seem far from us when we are faced with death and suffering.  Yet in the same way we will learn of His ultimate faithfulness when we too are resurrected.

But when He cried to Him, He heard.

The proof of His hearing was not in deliverance from the cross, for it had its final way with Him.  No, it was in deliverance through resurrection from death after the cross.  Let us never forget that this is the final proof of His hearing and help, not deliverance from trouble and death in this life.  And that deliverance is sure, though deliverance from our day-to-day ills may not be.

25.  My praise shall be of You in the great congregation;

This “great” qahal is not the corrupted one of Israel’s past, but the qahal that God shall build in His future Kingdom, when resurrected men like David and the twelve disciples are exalted to positions of power over Israel.  That will be indeed a “great” qahal!

I will pay My vows before those who fear Him.

This qahal fears the Lord every one, unlike the wicked and corrupt qahal that put Christ on the cross in the first place.  This shows that it is God’s Kingdom qahal that is meant.

26.  The poor shall eat and be satisfied;

This speaks of the ultimate satisfaction of those who fear the LORD and yet are needy and oppressed in this life.  Just as our LORD’s suffering was turned to satisfaction, so will the suffering of the redeemed poor be turned in their future resurrection.

Those who seek Him will praise the LORD.

Again this praise comes about as a result of resurrection.  In our day we praise the LORD for the resurrection of Christ, and in the future we will likewise praise Him for our own resurrection.  Indeed, resurrection is the source of all our praise!

Let your heart live forever!

The result of resurrection to those who seek Him will be life forever!  Amen.

27.  All the ends of the world

This is a figure of speech, for all know that the world, being a sphere, does not literally have ends.  This figure stands for all the remotest places.

Shall remember and turn to the LORD,

They cannot “remember” what they never knew.  This word speaks of an imprinting of knowledge upon their minds.  This is what happens when God begins His Kingdom on earth.  He, in an instant, imprints knowledge of Himself upon the minds of all men on earth, even those living in the remotest of places.  This “turns” them to the LORD.  Yet, although one is turned to the right path, it is still up to him to follow it.  All those who are thus turned must still make a choice about whether or not to walk the path to which they are turned.  There is no instant salvation, even for those brought into the Kingdom.  Yet we would hope that most would respond just as the apostle Paul did when he was so dramatically “turned” from the way he was walking to the Lord.

And all the families of the nations

This speaks of the many nationalities of the earth.  So often these national families cause division among men.  Whether it be native language or skin color or any other factor, it is often the family of the nation we are from that divides us from others.  Yet in that future day all families of all nations will be united in one great thing!

Shall worship before You.

They are united in worshipping before the LORD.  This is what will bring an end to so-called “racism” at last, when all families on the earth recognizes the God Who made them every one.

28.  For the kingdom is the LORD’s,

This confirms for us that the wonderful time spoken of is indeed the time of God’s kingdom on earth.  It is the start of His government that causes all these families to remember and to worship before Him.

And He rules over the nations.

This is the meaning of “God’s kingdom.”  It is the time when He rules or governs all nations.  No longer will there be any rule “by the people, of the people, and for the people.”  No longer will any other king or any other form of government hold sway on the earth.  Only God’s government will exist everywhere, and those who lead in any capacity will hold their authority as part of that government and no other.

29.  All the prosperous of the earth

This speaks of the “great” ones of the earth.  In other words, this speaks of the rulers who exist under God’s government.

Shall eat and worship;

This means that they are supplied by and subservient to God’s governmental authority.  They receive their power from (eat) and owe their allegiance to (worship) His government.  This will be true all across the earth in that day!

All those who go down to the dust

This speaks of those who lose their power and are humiliated when God’s government takes control.  Though they are put down to the dust, they will have no choice but to bow before His authority.  There will be no bloody opposition to God’s government when it takes control of the earth!

Shall bow before Him,

They have no choice but to acknowledge His rightness and bow before His authority.

Even he who cannot keep himself alive.

“Himself” is “his soul” in Hebrew.  There will be those who will be judged as worthy of death and removed from God’s kingdom.  Yet even these will have no choice but to admit the rightness of His judgment against them.

30.  A posterity shall serve Him.

This speaks of the offspring of those who live in the Kingdom.  They will have children then, and those children, like their parents, will serve the Lord.  Think how wonderful it will be for them to grow up in His Kingdom!  How much better will be the life to which parents will bring forth their children in that day than the life to which we must bring them forth in our day!

It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation.

In other words, those who have lived through the current evil age will recount all the wonders of what the LORD has done to the generation that follows and is born in the Kingdom.  Oh, what tales will we have to tell then!

This is another occurrence where the Sopherim changed Yahweh to Adonai.

31.  They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born,

Again speaking of those who have lived in the times before declaring all the righteousness of the Lord to those children who are born under God’s kingdom.  What a heritage will be passed on then!

That He has done this.

Or “It is finished.”  These words were spoken by Christ on the cross (John 19:30,) just as the first words of this psalm were.  In fact, this may indicate that He spoke the entire psalm with His last, gasping breaths.  These words certainly applied then, as they will in the future kingdom, when the previous generation will declare the righteousness of the LORD to those who are born, gladly declaring to them that all His mighty work is finished!  How we long for that day.