The first section of the book of Acts that we come upon as we study it is the section that begins in Acts 2, after we have completed the introductory chapter 1. This section might be named as “The Great Unity.”
The great prayer that the Lord Jesus prayed for His disciples prior to His death is recorded for us in John 17. In this prayer, the Lord Jesus asks His Father that His disciples will be unified, as we read in John 17:20-23.
20. “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; 21. that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. 22. And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: 23. I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.
In praying for their unity, the Lord prayed not just for His disciples, but also for those who would believe on Him through their word. He wanted them to be perfect, that is, complete in one. This was a lofty request indeed, and this kind of unity is not seen among believers today. This has led many to bemoan the divisions among believers and to call for unity, and it has led others to try to establish such unity by any means they can find to do so. Yet we might ask why this unity does not appear. If the Lord asked His Father for such unity to exist, could it be that His Father did not grant His request?
The fact is that if we look closely at what the Lord asked, we would see that His request did not extend to believers today. We see that it was two specific groups of people that the Lord asked unity for:
1. His disciples, the “men whom You have given Me out of the world.” John 17:6.
2. “Those who will believe in Me through their word.”
Thus, we might say that those the Lord asked to see unified were first of all those who were His disciples while He walked the earth, and second those who believed in Him directly through their testimony. We might call these believers the first generation of believers from the apostles. The Lord spoke nothing here about second generation believers, that is, those who might believe through the word of those who had heard the apostles, not to mention third or fourth or any number of generations of believers later. We know that we live today many, many generations after anyone who believed through the word of the apostles directly has died out. Thus, this prayer was not for us. This prayer was only for the disciples and their first generation believers. So this unity was limited to them, and it was established in the Acts period. This is what we are calling “The Great Unity.”
As we study through Acts 2, we see the great unity being established. First of all, let us consider Acts 2:41-42.
41. Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them. 42. And they continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers.
We are here considering those who heard the word of Peter on that pivotal day of Pentecost as we have it recorded for us in Acts 2. Some of those who heard gladly received the word as the Holy Spirit gave it by the mouth of Peter, and these who gladly heard it were baptized, that is, they were identified with the Lord Jesus Christ. This day, about three thousand souls were added to them. Since in Acts 1:15, we learn that “altogether the number of names was about a hundred and twenty,” that means that this hundred and twenty disciples plus the new three thousand believers would give us about 3,120 believers after this day.
Now this is a large number of disciples. We read of their conduct from this point in verse 42. They continued steadfastly in four things. We might say that these were the things they were unified around. First was the apostles’ doctrine. Doctrine means teaching, so they were unified around one teaching. Of course, this was essential for unity, and is one reason believers are so divided today. They all ascribe to different teachings. Secondly, they were steadfastly continuing in the fellowship. What this was, I believe we will see in the following verses. Then, they continued steadfastly in the breaking of bread. This meant they were all eating together in fellowship, which again was a very unifying thing. Finally, they continued steadfastly in the prayers. These were probably the daily times of prayer in the temple.
So they were all unified in four important aspects. Yet we will see that this unity went beyond this, as we read in Acts 2:43-47.
43. Then fear came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. 44. Now all who believed were together, and had all things in common, 45. and sold their possessions and goods, and divided them among all, as anyone had need.
46. So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, 47. praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved.
We learn several important details about this unity in this section. First of all, we see that the believers were all together. Again, this speaks of their unity. Then, they had all things in common. This extended to their possessions and goods, for those who had these things sold them, and divided the money among them all, as anyone had need of it. This is what was called “the fellowship” up in verse 42. This was something that the Lord had established among His few followers while He was on earth. Now, this fellowship has been expanded to more than three thousand believers. Yet they faithfully continue in it.
So they are all together in the temple. They are breaking bread from house to house, which again means they ate together. The idea of houses is not as we would first think of it, that they were going from one house to another of individuals among the believers. There were many places in the temple called houses, and the believers, due to their great numbers, were apparently meeting in different ones of these, since they could not all fit into one place. However, they did not allow this to divide them so that they had different groups or clans of believers. Instead, they moved among these houses freely, and broke their bread from house to house, so that no division among them could develop.
So we see how the unity developed in Acts 2. Yet the great unity that existed among the believers at this time continued, as we read of it further in this section of Acts. First of all, we see how the number of believers grew, as we read in Acts 4:4.
4. However, many of those who heard the word believed; and the number of the men came to be about five thousand.
So the number of believers who were men grew to five thousand. However, since this included just the men, the actual number of believers might have been much larger, if we were to include women and children. So the number had grown to be significantly more than 3,120. Yet this did not affect the great unity that existed between them, for this unity continued even among this larger number, as we read in Acts 4:32.
32. Now the multitude of those who believed were of one heart and one soul; neither did anyone say that any of the things he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common.
So first of all, we see that these believers were of one heart and one soul. The heart has to do with the innermost being of a person, or what they are really like inside. The soul has to do with the emotions and desires of a person. So their inner beings, even down to their emotions and desires, are all one. In our modern idiom, we would say that their hearts beat as one. They were truly unified and complete in one, even as our Lord Jesus had asked they be back in John 17.
Moreover, their policy of having all things in common continued. This manifested itself in the fact that none who possessed anything kept it to himself, but they had all things in common. As we would say, they truly ascribed to the philosophy of share and share alike. This was unity indeed. The following verses tell us more about this.
33. And with great power the apostles gave witness to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. And great grace was upon them all. 34. Nor was there anyone among them who lacked; for all who were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the proceeds of the things that were sold, 35. and laid them at the apostles’ feet; and they distributed to each as anyone had need.
So the result of all this is that there are none among them who lack. None of the believers are in need. We read that one reason that this is so is because of the actions of those who possessed lands or houses. This is describing what in that day would have been investments, for they had no stocks or bonds as we have today. These people were wealthy enough to have their money invested in property. Probably they had these things put away for what we would call retirement. Yet now these possessors do not hold on to their possessions. Instead, they sell them off, and bring all the proceeds to the apostles and lay them at their feet. This is a figure of speech meaning they gave them into the control of the apostles.
Now this is a very important detail. In chapter 2, we learned that their possessions were shared among themselves, and given to those who had need. Yet when such a thing is tried in this world, the question must always be how those who are truly in need are determined? For it seems there are always those who pretend to have more need than they actually do, while there are others who keep their troubles silent and do not wish to share their need. How, then, could these funds be fairly and properly distributed? The answer in the great unity was easy enough. All it took was the apostles to do it. They were men who were inspired by God, so they could neither be fooled into overestimating nor underestimating a person’s need. When they were distributing the funds, all could be certain they were being distributed fairly and rightly. So these wealthy people who were selling off their investments could be sure that, when they laid the money at the apostles’ feet, they could just forget it at that point. With the money in the apostles’ hands, they could be sure it would be apportioned properly.
So the unity continued. Yet another question regarding it must be answered. For whenever men are together in unity, the question always must arise, what will happen when this unity is threatened? Will it then break apart? Or will it be able to withstand the threat and continue, stronger than ever? The great unity of the believers in the first section of Acts was threatened as well. The first threat against it came from without, as we see starting in Acts 4:1-3.
1. Now as they spoke to the people, the priests, the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them, 2. being greatly disturbed that they taught the people and preached in Jesus the resurrection from the dead. 3. And they laid hands on them, and put them in custody until the next day, for it was already evening.
So we see that this first threat against the Great Unity came from the priests, the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees. The Sadducees, we know, denied the truth of resurrection, not to mention that they opposed the Lord Jesus Christ, so it annoyed and frustrated them to no end that the apostles were teaching the people and proclaiming in the name of Jesus the resurrection from the dead. In order to stop this teaching, they arrest them and put them in jail overnight. The next day, they put them on trial, and threaten them, as we see in Acts 4:13-22.
13. Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were uneducated and untrained men, they marveled. And they realized that they had been with Jesus. 14. And seeing the man who had been healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it. 15. But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves, 16. saying, “What shall we do to these men? For, indeed, that a notable miracle has been done through them is evident to all who dwell in Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it. 17. But so that it spreads no further among the people, let us severely threaten them, that from now on they speak to no man in this name.”
18. So they called them and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. 19. But Peter and John answered and said to them, “Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you more than to God, you judge. 20. For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.” 21. So when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding no way of punishing them, because of the people, since they all glorified God for what had been done. 22. For the man was over forty years old on whom this miracle of healing had been performed.
They did not wish to see this proclaiming of Christ continue, yet the healing of a lame man made it hard for them to punish Peter and John at this time, for punishing them for a good deed would not look good to the people. Thus, they decide that threats of punishment will perhaps cause the apostles to keep silent. Thus, they threaten them, commanding them not to speak at all or teach in the name of Jesus. Peter and John are bold, declaring most positively that they must obey God rather than the Sanhedrin. Yet this was a real danger, for the Sanhedrin were powerful in Israel, and could cause great trouble for the believers there. Thus the apostles, when they return to their fellows, pray for boldness, as we see it in Acts 4:23-31.
23. And being let go, they went to their own companions and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said to them. 24. So when they heard that, they raised their voice to God with one accord and said: “Lord, You are God, who made heaven and earth and the sea, and all that is in them, 25. who by the mouth of Your servant David have said:
‘Why did the nations rage,
And the people plot vain things?
26. The kings of the earth took their stand,
And the rulers were gathered together
Against the LORD and against His Christ.’
27. “For truly against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together 28. to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose determined before to be done. 29. Now, Lord, look on their threats, and grant to Your servants that with all boldness they may speak Your word, 30. by stretching out Your hand to heal, and that signs and wonders may be done through the name of Your holy Servant Jesus.”
31. And when they had prayed, the place where they were assembled together was shaken; and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness.
So we see they take this threat seriously, and ask for the Lord’s help. What they want is boldness to speak the word in spite of the injunction of the Sanhedrin. They also ask for powerful backup: that the Lord would stretch out His hand to heal, and would give them the power to do signs and wonders. This prayer is quickly answered, for the place where they were assembled is shaken, and the power of the Holy Spirit comes upon them. At this point, they speak the word with boldness, as they ought to have spoken it. Thus, this threat does not slow the Great Unity down. The Lord gave them power sufficient to take them through it, and the Great Unity continued to grow and move forward. This threat from without was not able to stop it, nor even to slow it down.
Yet now a second threat against this Great Unity arose. For though threats from without are bad, threats from within are worse, and the Great Unity was now threatened to be broken from within, as we see it in Acts 5:1-2.
1. But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession. 2. And he kept back part of the proceeds, his wife also being aware of it, and brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles’ feet.
The threat to the unity here comes from a couple named Ananias and Sapphira. These two suddenly are no longer in complete unity with their brethren. Their hearts and souls are now divided from them. Their hearts are now beating out of rhythm with the rest. For they become greedy. They want the glory of having sold their possession and given it all, and yet they do not want to pay the full price of doing this, and so they keep back a certain part of the money for which their possession sold, at the same time representing it as if they had given it all.
Now the threat this presented to the Great Unity cannot be overemphasized. In order for all to stay unified, no such disunity as this could be allowed. An attitude like this can grow and spread. Others might see them doing this and be motivated to do the same thing. Some might resent it and turn against them, while others might forgive them and take their side. In this way, a split and a division could be caused among the believers, and the Great Unity would be blown apart. Yet this does not happen, for the Holy Spirit moves quickly to remove this threat to their unity, as we see in Acts 5:3-11.
3. But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? 4. While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.”
5. Then Ananias, hearing these words, fell down and breathed his last. So great fear came upon all those who heard these things. 6. And the young men arose and wrapped him up, carried him out, and buried him.
7. Now it was about three hours later when his wife came in, not knowing what had happened. 8. And Peter answered her, “Tell me whether you sold the land for so much?”
She said, “Yes, for so much.”
9. Then Peter said to her, “How is it that you have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Look, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.” 10. Then immediately she fell down at his feet and breathed her last. And the young men came in and found her dead, and carrying her out, buried her by her husband. 11. So great fear came upon all the church and upon all who heard these things.
The Lord moves quickly to remove this threat to the unity He had created. As we said earlier, this was a very real threat, and it could have led to much disunity. Yet it does not, for the Holy Spirit moves quickly to preserve this unity. The way He does this is by removing Ananias and Sapphira from the Great Unity by putting them to death. While this is a most extreme solution, and a sad thing that He had to do, we can see that no other option was open to Him if He wished to preserve the unity He had created. If one really wants to have unity, none can be allowed to threaten that unity, neither from without nor from within. If some from within do not choose to keep that unity, they must be forcefully removed from it. No other solution is possible if unity is to be maintained. So we see that as drastic as the Lord’s response to Ananias’ and Sapphira’s sin was, it was absolutely necessary if this Great Unity was to be preserved.
So the internal threat to the Great Unity is removed. How do things proceed from here? Just fine, as we see from Acts 5:12-13.
12. And through the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were done among the people. And they were all with one accord in Solomon’s Porch. 13. Yet none of the rest dared join them, but the people esteemed them highly.
So the unity continues in purity, now that the troublesome element of Ananias and Sapphira has been removed. Yet not for long does the unity continue unthreatened, for now another threat from without arises, as we read in Acts 5:17-18.
17. Then the high priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with indignation, 18. and laid their hands on the apostles and put them in the common prison.
The high priest and his party of the Sadducees are now even more frustrated with the apostles, since their earlier threats utterly failed to silence them or curtail the movement of the people to follow Jesus Christ. Instead, we have seen how the unity has grown and prospered. Thus, they again arrest the apostles, this time taking all the twelve, not just Peter and John, and put them in prison. Yet the Lord again acts quickly, as we see in the following verses.
19. But at night an angel of the Lord opened the prison doors and brought them out, and said, 20. “Go, stand in the temple and speak to the people all the words of this life.”
21. And when they heard that, they entered the temple early in the morning and taught. But the high priest and those with him came and called the council together, with all the elders of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought.
22. But when the officers came and did not find them in the prison, they returned and reported, 23. saying, “Indeed we found the prison shut securely, and the guards standing outside before the doors; but when we opened them, we found no one inside!” 24. Now when the high priest, the captain of the temple, and the chief priests heard these things, they wondered what the outcome would be. 25. So one came and told them, saying, “Look, the men whom you put in prison are standing in the temple and teaching the people!”
26. Then the captain went with the officers and brought them without violence, for they feared the people, lest they should be stoned.
So the Lord turns this situation back on the heads of those who arrested them. He frees His apostles, and the Sanhedrin has to send their officers to more or less beg the apostles to come and appear before them. When they do, they are infuriated by them, but are unable to murder them, as they desired. Instead, they have to let them go, as we read in verses 40-42.
40. And they agreed with him, and when they had called for the apostles and beaten them, they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. 41. So they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for His name. 42. And daily in the temple, and in every house, they did not cease teaching and preaching Jesus as the Christ.
So the apostles are beaten, but then let go, and they return rejoicing that they have been worthy to suffer for the name of the Lord Jesus. Their work is not slowed down in the slightest by this, but they continue right on proclaiming Christ Jesus as Lord. So this third threat to the Great Unity is again defeated by the Lord.
Yet now, a fourth threat arises, this time once more from within. We read of it in Acts 6:1-2.
1. Now in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, there arose a complaint against the Hebrews by the Hellenists, because their widows were neglected in the daily distribution.
It would seem that the cause of this was the great increase in the number of believers. At first, the twelve were very capable of taking care of the daily distribution of funds to the poor, since there weren’t that many of them. No doubt the taking care of these mundane matters was a welcome rest from their normal daily tasks of studying and teaching the Word. However, as the number of disciples multiplied, the size of this task multiplied as well, until it got to the point where there were just too many poor and just too much to be distributed for the disciples to handle with all their other duties. Therefore, they had begun to neglect this important task of distribution.
Now widows were the poorest and neediest of all in their society, especially if they had no son or father to take care of them. If the daily distribution of funds was not made, it was the widows who would suffer first and most severely. It is likely that this problem extended to all widows, but those who complain first are the Greek-speaking Jews. These were those who grew up outside the land of Israel, and therefore who did not know or speak the common Aramaic language that was spoken in the land. They were probably very sensitive about this fact, since in many ways the language barriers made them outsiders in the land. When their widows start being neglected, instead of realizing the real cause of the problem, they immediately assume that this is caused by some kind of prejudice. They blame it on the fact that they are Greek-speakers, rather than on the fact that the disciples are just too busy to do the job.
Yet whether this was a fair charge or not, it was a real problem, and it threatened the integrity of the great unity. Whatever the reason behind it, the hearts of these Greek-speaking Jews were no longer beating in time with their brothers who spoke Aramaic. The Spirit must do something, or the unity itself will be destroyed. The last time something threatened the unity from within, the Lord responded by serving out death and destruction to these who threatened it. Yet this time, His actions are far more gracious.
2. Then the twelve summoned the multitude of the disciples and said, “It is not desirable that we should leave the word of God and serve tables. 3. Therefore, brethren, seek out from among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business; 4. but we will give ourselves continually to prayer and to the ministry of the word.”
5. And the saying pleased the whole multitude. And they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and the Holy Spirit, and Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolas, a proselyte from Antioch, 6. whom they set before the apostles; and when they had prayed, they laid hands on them.
First of all, the twelve summon the multitude. Then, they explain to them the real cause of the problem. It is that they know that their first task is the study and ministry of the Word of God, and they have not been willing to leave that to serve tables. Then, they suggest a solution. The brethren themselves will pick seven men who meet certain qualifications and recommend them to the twelve. The twelve will then appoint these over the business of serving the poor, while the twelve continue to focus on the Word.
This solution pleases all the multitude, and they pick out the seven to do the job. Their honest love for their brothers is displayed in the fact that every one of the seven they choose has a Greek name, so were probably connected with the Greeks themselves. One is even a proselyte, a convert to Israel’s religion from among the Gentiles!
7. Then the word of God spread, and the number of the disciples multiplied greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests were obedient to the faith.
So the fourth threat to the unity is also averted, and the unity continues and grows yet larger. So far, the unity has continued, and nothing either from without or from within has been able to destroy it. However, this unity did not continue perpetually. A threat finally did arise that succeeded in breaking up the Great Unity, as we see starting in Acts 6:8.
8. And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and signs among the people. 9. Then there arose some from what is called the Synagogue of the Freedmen (Cyrenians, Alexandrians, and those from Cilicia and Asia), disputing with Stephen. 10. And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the Spirit by which he spoke. 11. Then they secretly induced men to say, “We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses and God.” 12. And they stirred up the people, the elders, and the scribes; and they came upon him, seized him, and brought him to the council. 13. They also set up false witnesses who said, “This man does not cease to speak blasphemous words against this holy place and the law; 14. for we have heard him say that this Jesus of Nazareth will destroy this place and change the customs which Moses delivered to us.” 15. And all who sat in the council, looking steadfastly at him, saw his face as the face of an angel.
Stephen, the first chosen of the seven, does more than just serve the tables of the poor. He also performs great signs and wonders, and he disputes with those who argue against Jesus Christ. When his enemies find that they cannot defeat his words by fair means, they resort instead to foul means. They secretly induce men to make false charges of blasphemy against Stephen. Then, he is dragged before the Sanhedrin and put on trial. The whole thing is a setup, and the results of the trial are a foregone conclusion. It ends as we might expect it to end, as we see in Acts 7:57-60.
57. Then they cried out with a loud voice, stopped their ears, and ran at him with one accord; 58. and they cast him out of the city and stoned him. And the witnesses laid down their clothes at the feet of a young man named Saul. 59. And they stoned Stephen as he was calling on God and saying, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.” 60. Then he knelt down and cried out with a loud voice, “Lord, do not charge them with this sin.” And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
Thus did Stephen die as a faithful martyr of the Lord. Stephen’s death was a great tragedy, but the effects of it did not end there. This was only the start of the persecution, as we see in chapter 8 and verse 1.
1. Now Saul was consenting to his death.
At that time a great persecution arose against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. 2. And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him.
3. As for Saul, he made havoc of the church, entering every house, and dragging off men and women, committing them to prison.
4. Therefore those who were scattered went everywhere preaching the word.
So the outcome of Stephen’s trial was a great persecution that arose against the ekklesia which was at Jerusalem, spearheaded by the man Saul. The result of this persecution is that the ekklesia were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria. The only exception to this was the twelve apostles, who bravely remained behind in Jerusalem. Though the rest of the leaders were scattered, someone needed to remain in Jerusalem and care for the common sheep. The Sanhedrin has been unable to harm the twelve because of their popularity, and because the Lord had protected them. Now, they trust that He will protect them once again.
So this really was the end of the Great Unity. Separated by distance, they could no longer be one. Even if their hearts would have been knit together had they still been together, they no longer are together, and so such unity is no longer possible. In this way, the Great Unity that God had built was brought to an end.
Yet ultimately, this fits in with the purpose of the Great Unity, and the very request the Lord made that caused it to come to be. He had said in John 17:20:
20. “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;
It was for what we might call “first generation believers” that the Lord prayed. He wanted those who believed directly through the word of His Own disciples to be unified in one great unity. This was accomplished, as we saw, in the Great Unity in Jerusalem in Acts 2-7. However, the Lord’s prayer for the unity of His disciples did not extend beyond this. He did not ask that second generation believers, those who believed through the word of those who believed through the disciples, also be unified into one. That would have required gathering them all together into one place, and this the Lord was not yet ready to do. This will yet be done when the full Kingdom of God comes to earth at last. However, the time for it had not yet come here in the book of Acts.
Therefore, so that those Jews in the remoter parts of Judea, as well as in Samaria, and Galilee, and even to the ends of the earth, would be able to hear and believe, the Lord at last allowed His Great Unity to be disbanded. Yet the Lord’s prayer did indeed come about exactly as He prayed it. Both His disciples and those who believed through them were unified. Once persecution around and the word spread out from Jerusalem, however, the unity ceased.
So this is the first great period of the book of Acts, the Great Unity of chapters 2-7. Yet for us, we need to remember that we have no such unity today. That is not how God is working, or what He is seeking to accomplish. Indeed, this unity did not even last beyond this first part of the Acts period. Instead, He today is showing forth His grace. This may not result in the complete unity of all believers, but it is still a great blessing, and one for which we can be very thankful. Yet praise God that we can read the book of Acts and learn about the great blessing of the Great Unity God produced there. This can assure us that, if God did this once, He can do it again. And if we know the Scriptures, we can know that He will do it again, when the time comes and He brings His kingdom to earth at last. Then, all who know and love Him will again be unified. And this time, the unity will not just exist in Jerusalem, but instead will be spread throughout the entire earth. May God speed the day!