I received the following question:

I have been going thru the book of Micah lately, because I couldn’t really think of anything to say about him or what goes on in his book. So if you have any commentaries, much appreciated.

Well, I haven’t really written out a commentary on Micah, or recorded an audio on it yet. Here is a short outline of the book for you, though.

Micah 1. Micah was a prophet in the land of Judah, but he prophesied both about Judah and about the northern kingdom of Israel. He is mentioned in Jeremiah 26:18 as having been a prophet in the days of Hezekiah, and is brought forward as an example of why Jeremiah shouldn’t be condemned for prophesying against Judah and Jerusalem. In this chapter, he prophesies the complete destruction of Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel. He also prophesies disaster upon the cities of Judah, and indicates that the disaster will come to the walls of Jerusalem. This was the Assyrian invasion, which wiped out the northern kingdom, and destroyed and exiled many of the people of Judah, until the LORD rescued them outside the walls of Jerusalem.

Micah 2. This is the LORD’s indictment against the wickedness of the people of Israel. They reject His true prophets that He sends to them, but will listen to a prophet who tells them to get drunk! The censure continues until the last two verses, wherein He predicts their return in the kingdom to come.

Micah 3. Micah condemns the false prophets and the rulers of Israel, claiming they will both come to disaster. Jerusalem itself shall become a ruin, along with the LORD’s temple. Of course, this judgment was spared them in the time of the Assyrians, but it did at last fall upon them later in the Babylonian invasion. Verse 12 is the verse quoted in Jeremiah.

Micah 4. This chapter starts out much the same as Isaiah 2, though it finishes with some information of its own regarding the start of the kingdom of God. Then, he speaks of captivity in Babylon, from which they will be delivered. Whether or not this means the captivity of the past is hard to say, for it finishes off proclaiming that they will spoil their enemies, something they did not do in the past, but that looks forward to the tribulation.

Micah 5. It speaks of a siege, then of the judge of Israel being struck with a rod on the cheek (Christ at His trial, perhaps?) Then in verse 2, a prophecy concerning Bethlehem being the place from which Christ will come, which the New Testament quotes in Matthew 2:6. Then a prophecy of Messiah’s greatness and His care for the people of Israel. It speaks of the Assyrian coming into the land, and them being delivered from them. Whether this is all past, or looks forward to something in the future, I am having trouble determining for certain. He speaks of cutting off the idols of the land, though whether this is at the Babylonian invasion, or at the start of the kingdom, is again hard for me to determine.

Micah 6. The LORD contends with Israel, asking what He has done to them that they have turned from Him so? Israel, realizing her guilt, asks how she might come before the LORD, and He answers in verse 8: by living a righteous lifestyle. The LORD again rebukes them. They continue in the sin of Omri and Ahab, and so He will destroy the city.

Micah 7. Micah feels like a man who goes out to harvest, and there is nothing to harvest. Those who are supposed to insure justice in Israel are corrupt and take bribes. They are such traitors that a man cannot even trust his own family, his wife or daughters or daughters-in-law. (Perhaps Micah experienced this personally.) Therefore, he must look to the LORD as his only faithful confidant. The LORD will yet restore him, though he dies for his iniquity. The city will be restored, and she who mocked the LORD will be shamed and destroyed. Yet before this, the land will be destroyed and desolate because of the sin of its inhabitants. He finishes up with a glorious picture of Israel restored, their enemies ashamed, and the LORD forgiving their sins.