I received the following question:

How are we to answer someone who asks why the Acts period years would not be included in the 490 plus 10 years (and maybe more) if, indeed, the kingdom had started? Is it the fact that it was there only “in part” (among the believers) and hence, not a fulfillment of any portion of the prophecy?

What is and is not included in the 70 weeks of years of Daniel’s prophecy is defined by the beginning and ending statements of the prophecy. That is, the prophecy begins with “the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem.” On the fiftieth year, the first jubilee year, Messiah the Prince (David) shall be established. After sixty-two of the weeks, the street (marketplace) shall be built again, and the wall (defensive protection) in troublesome times, and after that the Messiah (David) will be cut off and have nothing (or will be cut off, but not for himself.) After sixty-nine weeks, the prince who is to come will confirm a covenant with the people for the last week, which he will break halfway through, prompting the great tribulation. I discuss this in my audio lessons on Daniel. http://preceptsaudio.wordpress.com/category/daniel/

The point is that there is nothing in the prophecy to tell us that the start of the prophecy is the same as the start of the kingdom. The command to restore and build Jerusalem does not have to go forth at the very beginning of the kingdom. If Jerusalem is still standing at the time, as it is now, it could continue very serviceably for some time until God commands the restoration and rebuilding of it. I do not believe He will make this command until He has finished setting up the kingdom, and is ready:
To finish the transgression,
To make an end of sins,
To make reconciliation for iniquity,
To bring in everlasting righteousness,
To seal up vision and prophecy,
And to anoint the Most Holy.

As for the Acts period, the kingdom had started, but no command had gone forth to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem. Transgression was not finished, sins were not ended, reconciliation for iniquity was not made, everlasting righteousness was not brought in, vision and prophecy were not sealed up, and the Most Holy was not anointed. Therefore, the Acts period had nothing to do with the prophecy of Daniel’s seventy weeks. That prophecy will begin to be fulfilled sometime after the start of the full kingdom in the future. How long after the start we are not told.

I do not think the kingdom being there “in part” had anything to do with why the 70 weeks had not started…other than the fact that the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem had not gone forth, and the six things mentioned above had not come in.

I pray this helps. Keep studying the Word!