olive02I received the following question:

Have you done any work with Romans 11:, “the good olive tree”?

I am of the opinion that the good olive tree of Romans 11: were simply the akrobustia, the exiled Jews. Sellers learned about the akrobustia, the exiles Jews, late in his life. Had he lived longer I think he would have revised his booklet on the good olive tree to be the akrobustia.
 
Paul went to Rome to herald the gospel to the akrobustia and1/2 believed and 1/2 belived not. After all Jews had been reached with the messianic message clearly presented to them. The Lord changed direction and began the dispensation of grace.

I have not yet written on Romans 11, though I have talked some about it in articles 13 and 16 of my series on Dispensationalism.

I do not think you have the concept of akrobustia quite right. Every exiled Jew was not automatically akrobustia. There were both akrobustia and peritome in Rome. Paul was a Roman citizen, yet he was not akrobustia, for he was circumcised on the eighth day, according to the law of Moses. He grew up in Tarsus, yet he was still a circumcised one. His parents must have been wealthy enough to make the expensive trip to the temple to perform the law for him. Yet it is certainly true that for the majority of the Jews living outside the land, a trip to the temple in Jerusalem to perform the ritual for their children was not possible. Therefore, they were circumcised, but did not keep the Mosaic rule of presenting the child in the temple. This made them akrobustia in the minds of the Jews living in the land, who were able to keep the ritual, and did.

The good olive tree was Israel. I do not think it mattered at the time Paul wrote Romans whether one was peritome or akrobustia. If one was part of God’s Israel, which at that time meant believing in Jesus Christ, then one was part of the olive tree. That could be Jews living in the land or exiled Jews living outside the land. The representatives of that olive tree in Rome, of course, were all exiled Jews living outside the land. Yet the whole of the olive tree was Israel, not just the part living in Rome.

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