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II Samuel 7

16. And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.”’”

Now comes the crowning statement of Yahweh’s great promise to David. He promises that David’s house and government will be established or firmly fixed forever before him, and then repeats it: his throne shall be fixed forever! Notice that He does not say the throne of David’s descendants, but He says David’s throne. Thus He was guaranteeing David that He would raise him from the dead and fix him on the throne for the eon of the Kingdom of God. His seat of government will exist throughout the Kingdom of God. This is not the only place that speaks of this, for this is confirmed in the book of Ezekiel, chapter 34 and verses 23-24. Read the rest of this entry »


II Samuel 7

1. Now it came to pass when the king was dwelling in his house, and the LORD had given him rest from all his enemies all around,

Now it seems that David at last is enjoying a time of peace. His house is built and he is dwelling in it as king. His enemies are all defeated, and the LORD is giving him rest from fighting them. The LORD has fulfilled all His promises to David, and he is able to settle down in his place at last as the king of Israel. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 6 Continued

11. The ark of the LORD remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite three months. And the LORD blessed Obed-Edom and all his household.

For three months this is the arrangement, and the ark of Jehovah is there in the house of Obed-Edom during this time. Jehovah acts to show David that he was wrong to fear the presence of the ark. It should be respected, yes, but not feared. The fear only comes in with the disrespect, and failing to carry the ark as Jehovah had said it must be carried was indeed disrespect. Yet in the house of this loyal and faithful Israelite, Jehovah is pleased to have His ark dwell. He demonstrates this when He prospers Obed-Edom and his whole household during these three months while the ark is there. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 6

1. Again David gathered all the choice men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Now once again David gathers the leading men of Israel together. Their number totals thirty thousand.

2. And David arose and went with all the people who were with him from Baale Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, whose name is called by the Name, the LORD of Hosts, who dwells between the cherubim.

David leads these choice men to a place named Ba’ale (Lords) in Judah. The name Ba’ale means “Lords,” and is the old, Canaanite name of the city elsewhere called Kirjath Jearim, as we can clearly see from the parallel passage in I Chronicles 13:6. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 5

1. Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, “Indeed we are your bone and your flesh.

Though the assassination of Ishbosheth was an ungodly and wicked action, the purposes of the LORD are worked out by it, for it leaves an empty place in the throne over Israel. Ishbosheth, the man whom Abner put on the throne, is dead, and Abner himself is dead. Jonathan Saul’s son is dead, while his son Mephibosheth is still quite young and is lame in his feet. There is no very good option for a new king from the line of Saul, and no strong leader to support such a man, even if he existed. Thus, Israel starts to think of God’s choice, and their hearts move towards David. A delegation from the other eleven tribes of Israel comes to David at his capital of Hebron where he has been ruling over the tribe of Judah. This delegation speaks to David. They recognize David as a fellow Israelite, one who is their bone and their flesh, since Judah is also an Israelite tribe, though it has had a different central government than the other tribes these seven years since Saul’s death. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 4

1. When Saul’s son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost heart, and all Israel was troubled.

Now Saul’s son Ishbosheth, who was ruling over the rest of Israel other than Judah, is greatly disheartened to hear of Abner’s death in Hebron. His supporters in all Israel are troubled at the death of this great man and Ishbosheth’s greatest supporter. They now have a weak king whose only great advantage, the strong man Abner, is gone. Yet they now also have no strong man to lead them in choosing David as king, as Abner planned to do. If Joab had left Abner alone, he may well have brought about David’s reign over Israel at this time. Instead, David is still going to have to wait. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 3 Continued

17. Now Abner had communicated with the elders of Israel, saying, “In time past you were seeking for David to be king over you.

This tells us that Abner had already spoken for David to the elders of Israel. He actually reminded them that they were ready and even seeking to make David king in time past. This was probably before Ishbosheth’s claim won out. This was, in fact, largely the situation that Abner himself had brought about, for it was he who had convinced the elders to be loyal to the house of Saul and to leave David to rule only over the tribe of Judah. Yet now Abner seeks to undo what he did before due to his anger with Ishbosheth. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 3

1. Now there was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. But David grew stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker.

This situation results in a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. Of course, this does not mean that only their families were fighting, but rather that these two kingly houses were battling one another through the nations they ruled. This also does not mean that there were constant battles going on all during this time. There would have been skirmishes and battles, but not full-scale war at all times. In fact, we have no evidence that either side went to full-scale war with the other, or that either side attempted to invade and take captive the other. These two brother nations are at war, but the hostilities do not appear to have escalated to that point. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 2

1. It happened after this that David inquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go up to any of the cities of Judah?”
And the LORD said to him, “Go up.”
David said, “Where shall I go up?”
And He said, “To Hebron.”

After the mourning of David and his men over their king and prince, he enquires of the LORD. David probably did this by Urim and Thummim, those two stones in the ephod or breastpiece of the high priest whereby one could ask questions of the LORD. Remember that the high priest Abiathar is still with David, since he had fled to him when Saul had murdered all the LORD’s priests in his mad fear of David due to his paranoid idea that they had conspired with him. Therefore, David has the means to contact the LORD this way, whereas Saul’s company had lost their access to such contact with God, if indeed they even wanted it. Read the rest of this entry »

II Samuel 1 Continued

17. Then David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son,

Now David, the great psalmist, writes a lament for Saul and Jonathan his son. A lamentation was a kind of dirge or sorrowful song. We know about lamentations from the book of Lamentations in the Bible. The lamentations in that book are all written by the prophet Jeremiah. Yet David here shows that he too was adept at writing this kind of song. Thus he writes this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan. Read the rest of this entry »