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I Timothy 6 Part 3
New King James Version 15. which He will manifest in His own time, He who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords,
The Resultant Version 15. Which He will show in its own fit seasons, Who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of those who reign and Lord of those who rule as lords,
The Lord Jesus Christ will manifest His blazing forth in His own time. The word “manifest” means that He will give evidence or show to the eyes His blazing forth. This will not be a hidden thing, like all the works of God are in the dispensation of the grace of God in which we live. Instead, it will be an evidential thing, an open and obvious thing, when Christ will blaze forth to this world. He will do this in His own time. The word is actually plural in Greek, “times.” The idea of the Greek word kairos seems to be of the right times, fixed times, or some definite times. Indeed, the kingdom of God and the blazing forth of Jesus Christ that accompanies it will come at the right time, the time God has fixed for it, and the definite time He has planned for the start of His kingdom. These are the times which we eagerly await even now. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 6 Part 2
New King James Version 9. But those who desire to be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and harmful lusts which drown men in destruction and perdition.
The Resultant Version 9. But they who desire to be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts such as sink men in extermination and destruction.
Yet there are those whose desire is to be rich. They are not satisfied with what they have in this world, and instead of willing to increase in Godliness, their will is to increase in possessions. Yet their will to be rich leads them astray into temptation, a snare, and many foolish and harmful lusts.
The “desire” here is the Greek word boulomai, which has to do with the will as it is related to the desires. A desire like this could and often does lead to a determination to carry out some kind of plan in order to bring the desire to fruition, but this word does not have to do with the decision to act, but only on the desire that can lead to it. “To be rich” could also mean to have abundance. In this context, it would refer to those who want far more than the necessary things they need and should have been content with, as Paul suggested in the previous verse. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 6
New King James Version 1. Let as many bondservants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, so that the name of God and His doctrine may not be blasphemed.
The Resultant Version 1. Let as many of you slaves as are under the yoke consider their own masters fit for all honor, in order that the name of God and His teaching may not be blasphemed.
Now Paul speaks to the slaves. This is not “bondservants,” as in the New King James Version, but is the Greek word doulos, which means “slaves.” Slaves were a very crucial element of the economy in the Roman Empire. A large portion of what we would call the “blue collar work force” was slaves. In Israel this was regulated by God, Who did not allow any Israelite to enslave his fellow Israelite for longer than a set period of time, unless that slave chose voluntarily to bind himself to that master for his lifetime. Thus slavery in Israel really was much more like employment than the slavery we know of in the American South in times past. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 5 Part 3
New King James Version 17. Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and doctrine.
The Resultant Version 17. Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and teaching.
He urges them to let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor. “Elders” here is the Greek word presbuteroi, and refers to the representative men in the Ephesians’ community. Again, they had no separation of church and state in their communities, so these elders decided matters both religious and secular. The elders were expected to rule, and did rule. Yet it was important for those who ruled to rule well. The Lord urges them moreover to count those who do rule well as being worthy of double honor, or to value them at twice the assessment. Indeed, for an elder, ruling well was the doubly important thing. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 5 Part 2
New King James Version 9. Do not let a widow under sixty years old be taken into the number, and not unless she has been the wife of one man,
The Resultant Version 9. Do not let a widow less than sixty years old be enrolled, having been the wife of one man,
Paul now continues by listing certain criteria that must be met before a widow shall be taken into the number or enrolled. First of all, He demands that a widow must be at least sixty years old in order to be enrolled. This might seem rather harsh to us, for surely a woman might be younger than this and yet lose her husband, have no father to return to or grown children to look to, and therefore be desolate? This is certainly true, but I think we must consider carefully what this list was before we get too upset at this requirement. It does not seem that this list was just a list of those to whom they were going to give charitably. Of course kind-hearted individuals among the believers would want to help out some poor young woman in such a condition, and this passage is saying nothing against them doing so. So this list must be something more than merely a list of widows who were going to be supported permanently by the ekklesia. What it was is very difficult to say, since Paul does not elaborate. Perhaps it was simply an “honor roll” of widows who were marked out in the community of believers in Ephesus. If they had any duties or position of leadership over the younger women, we do not know it. But it does seem that these widows were honored in some way, and Paul wants to set down criteria before placing any widows in this kind of respected position. The first criteria is that she must be sixty years old. This will ensure that she is of sufficient age that her Godly character should be well established and beyond question. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 5
New King James Version 1. Do not rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father, younger men as brothers,
The Resultant Version 1. Do not rebuke an older man, but admonish him as a father, younger men as brothers,
In this chapter, the Lord through Paul continues His instructions to Timothy regarding proper behavior in the dispensation of grace. We must keep in mind here that no such situation existed in Ephesus as a “church” such as we know it today. There was a company who believed in Jesus Christ. A large number of these were Jews who believed. They lived together in a community, and the leaders among them were not only religious leaders, but also community leaders in every way. It is regarding this situation that Paul makes his statements here, and not about a modern-day church organization or meeting. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 4 Part 3
New King James Version 12. Let no one despise your youth, but be an example to the believers in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
The Resultant Version 12. Let no one despise your youth, but you become an example of the believers in word, in manner of life, in love, in spirit, in faith, in pureness.
God urges Timothy to not let anyone despise his youth. Timothy by this time was much older than he was when he first started representing Paul. The fact is that he may have been no more than a middle teenager, somewhere between sixteen and eighteen, when Paul first sent him to strengthen and establish the Thessalonian believers in the faith, as Paul records he did in I Thessalonians 3. Imagine old men being taught how to stand strong by one so young! Timothy must have been quite an amazing young man indeed. Compared to that, Timothy is now around 30 years old, and so must have been much more acceptable as a leader based on age. Yet even so, there were men in Ephesus much older than he was. Remember that the Jews despised the Lord Jesus when He was about Timothy’s age (after His birth in Bethlehem) in John 8:57 because He was “not yet fifty years old,” which was perhaps what they considered the age of respectability for a teacher. Therefore, there may have been those among the older people in Ephesus who would have despised Timothy for his youth. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 4 Part 2
New King James Version 6. If you instruct the brethren in these things, you will be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished in the words of faith and of the good doctrine which you have carefully followed.
The Resultant Version 6. If you put the brethren in mind of these things, you will be an ideal servant of Jesus Christ, nourished up the words of faith and of good teaching, which you have fully known.
Paul now urges Timothy to instruct or put the brethren in mind of these things. We might well wonder: had these brethren heard of these things before, or would the first time they would hear of these things from Timothy instructing them out of this epistle? We would tend to think that they would have received some instruction in these things from their local apostles and prophets when the dispensational change took place, as we discussed earlier. God did not leave them without guidance as they tried to come to grips with the new dispensation and what was expected of them in it. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 4
New King James Version 1. Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons,
The Resultant Version 1. Now the Spirit is saying explicitly that in subsequent eras some shall withdraw from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and to the teaching of demons,
Paul now speaks of something that the Spirit is saying explicitly. He was saying this to Paul, and Paul was commissioned to write it down for us to know. These explicit words of the Spirit had to do with the way things will be in “latter times.” The New King James Version has “latter times,” and this might lead us to think of the “last days” of this dispensation of grace, such as we have them in II Timothy 3:1. Yet this is not the same word eschatos for “last” that we have in II Timothy 3:1. Instead, it is the word husteros (or “husterois” here in the plural), and this phrase means “subsequent eras,” as in The Resultant Version. This is ultimately a prophecy of the way things would be in the dispensation of grace, as this great period of God’s dealings with Adam’s began to run its course. Indeed, this is the way things have been throughout this dispensation, as we who live in it can clearly see by observing the world around us. Read the rest of this entry »
I Timothy 3 Part 5
New King James Version 16. And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness:
God was manifested in the flesh,
Justified in the Spirit,
Seen by angels,
Preached among the Gentiles,
Believed on in the world,
Received up in glory.
The Resultant Version 16. And beyond all argument the secret of true worship is great: which was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, witnessed by messengers, heralded unto the nations, believed on in the world, received in glory.
Here we have a very important verse, but also another one that is difficult of interpretation, just like verse 15. As it stands we read that “without controversy the mystery of godliness is great.” However, we realize that the word “mystery,” which is the Greek word musterion, is used in Scripture not for an unsolved “mystery,” but rather for things that are secret. Particularly when a secret is mentioned, it is something that formerly God had kept a secret, but now He is revealing it for the learning of His people. In other words, once God starts talking about a secret, it is a secret no longer. What this is telling us is that it formerly had been kept secret, but now it is being revealed. Read the rest of this entry »