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Luke 24 Part 3

36.  Now as they said these things, Jesus Himself stood in the midst of them, and said to them, “Peace to you.”

As these two disciples relate every detail of their experience with the Lord, suddenly the very One they were talking about appeared in the midst of them! He reappears, just as He had disappeared before.

Some have suggested that the Lord’s ability to appear and disappear this way must be something that is inherent in resurrection bodies, and that we will be able to appear and disappear this way as well in the resurrection. Yet I do not believe that this is the case. The fact is that this was the Lord Jesus Christ. He had the power of God, and He just as easily could have appeared or disappeared before His death and resurrection as afterwards. In the same way, if we disappear from one place and appear in another in the life to come, this too will be because God gives us the power. There is no reason to think that this is something inherent in resurrection bodies. Read the rest of this entry »

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Luke 24 Part 2

13. Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem.

Now we follow two of them, who are leaving Jerusalem and traveling to a village called Emmaus. The “them” here was not the eleven, but just the Lord’s followers in general, the “rest” mentioned in verse 9. The village Emmaus was about seven miles from Jerusalem, so this was no short walk. It is likely that, the Lord Jesus being thought dead, His followers were beginning to scatter, as often happens when any movement breaks up. These former disciples were heading home in discouragement, assuming their hopes had been all in vain. Read the rest of this entry »

Luke 24

1. Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared.

We now learn of an event that took place “on the first day of the week.” Yet this is really a fanciful rendering, for the Greek reads “on the first of the Sabbaths.” Yet this is most strange, for we just read that the women “rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.” How could it be that this event took place on the Sabbath, then? These women were good, law-keeping women, who would know better than to violate the law regarding work on the Sabbath day by coming to anoint the Lord’s body with spices on that day. Moreover, the Spirit has just told us that they did not violate the Sabbath, but rather rested on it, in the very last verse before this one. Remember, there were no chapter breaks in this book as originally written. I do not believe that Luke forgot between sentences what he had just said. What, then, does this mean? Read the rest of this entry »

Luke 23 Part 3

39. Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, “If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us.”

One of the evildoing rebels speaks up. He calls upon Christ to save Himself and them along with Him. Of course, this criminal would have been happy to have been released from the cross, but from the Holy Spirit’s commentary on this, we know that he did not really believe that this could happen. He was just joining in the mockery and blasphemy with the others. It seems he was of the sort who would try to forget his own suffering by adding to that of others. So he takes up the words of the enemies of the Lord, and joins in mocking Him as well. Read the rest of this entry »

Luke 23 Part 2

26. Now as they led Him away, they laid hold of a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, who was coming from the country, and on him they laid the cross that he might bear it after Jesus.

Crucifixion was reserved for the lowest of the low, and most commonly for rebels against the Roman Empire. Thus every facet of it was designed to cause the maximum pain and humiliation. The first step was to cause the condemned to carry his own means of execution to the site where he was to be crucified. We know that the Lord started out doing this, for we read in John 19:17, “And He, bearing His cross, went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha.” Yet the Lord Jesus had already been beaten and abused to the point where it seems the Romans concluded that it was impossible for Him to continue carrying the cross Himself. The tradition is that He stumbled under the burden, and that this is what caused them to seek out someone else to bear His cross. However, there is no word to confirm this in Scripture. All we know is that, for whatever reason, these soldiers sought someone else to bear His cross partway through the journey to the place where they were going to crucify Him. Read the rest of this entry »

Luke 23

1. Then the whole multitude of them arose and led Him to Pilate.

This makes it sound like a huge crowd led Him to Pilate, but this word “multitude” indicates “number” in Greek and shows that the entire group that had been gathered in the Sanhedrin accompanied Jesus to Pilate. When the idea of a large group is meant, the phrase is usually “great multitude” or “great number.”

None of these religious leaders were willing to be absent from this opportunity to do away with this One they hated so much. Yet notice that this number only included those members of the Sanhedrin who were present. There were some, such as Joseph of Arimathea, who were not invited to their crack-of-dawn show trial, and thus were not included in this number. Read the rest of this entry »

Luke 22 Part 4

47. And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.

Before the Lord has finished speaking, a multitude arrives. In most plays and movies that are made depicting this, there is a group of soldiers that arrive, but nothing like a multitude. Indeed, I have never seen pictured even close to the number that is actually described here by this word “multitude.” This was a very large crowd indeed of His enemies, come out to try to capture Him once and for all.

Most depictions of this make these men to be largely Roman soldiers. Yet none of the four gospels actually says that there were even any Roman soldiers present. What we do see in all four gospels is rather a crowd of followers of the chief priests and Pharisees. Although Israel was not allowed an army, there was a strong and able temple guard, and it was no doubt these men whom the enemies of our Lord sent after Him en masse to arrest Him in the garden. Read the rest of this entry »

Luke 22 Part 3

31. And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon! Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat.rooster02

The Lord now speaks to Peter, calling him by his given name of Simon. (Remember that the Lord gave him the name of Peter.) He repeats his name twice. The Companion Bible calls this the figure Epizeuxis, or Duplication. The Lord seems to use it when gently but sternly offering warning or rebuke. That is certainly the case here.

The Lord reveals to Simon that Satan has made request for him. This recalls to our minds the story in the book of Job, wherein Satan comes to the LORD and requests of Him the ability to do certain things to Job. The Lord is revealing here that Satan has done the same thing in this case.

Now the way this reads in the New King James, we might imagine that Satan’s request was only for Peter himself, and that he was hoping to snare Peter especially along with Judas in the events that were to come. However, this impression is left by the current weakness of the English language, which does not specify between a singular and a plural “you.” In Greek here, the word “you” is plural, and it is masculine. We might make this, then, “Satan has asked for you men.” In other words, the Lord is not just telling Peter that Satan had asked Him to be able to sift him personally as wheat, but rather that Satan had asked to be able to do this to all the disciples. Read the rest of this entry »

tissot-last-supper02Luke 22 Part 2

17. Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves;

Here we come upon the next element of the Passover after the lamb, which was the Passover cup. The three essential elements of the Passover are outlined in Exodus 12:8.

8. Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Notice that the third element listed here is “bitter herbs,” yet the word “herbs” is in italics. Read the rest of this entry »

judas-ph02Luke 22

1. Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover.

These two are not the same feast, but since the one led right into the other, they were often called by the same name, and one name was used to refer to both feasts. They were not very technical about this, just like we are not very technical about what we call “Christmas,” and sometimes seem to call the entire month of December after this name. Therefore, we have to carefully consider the context to know what is being spoken of.

According to Exodus 12, on the tenth day of the month, which was the month Abib (sometimes called Nisan), they were to choose a lamb for the Passover. Then on Abib 14th, they were to slay the lamb at twilight (the start of a new day according to their reckoning). This was the day of Passover. Then on Abib 15th through the 21st was the week of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The first and last days of this feast, Abib 15th and 21st, were special feast Sabbaths. We can see this in summary in Leviticus 23:4-8. Read the rest of this entry »