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II Timothy 4

New King James Version 1. I charge you therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom:

The Resultant Version 1. I charge you therefore before God, even the Lord Jesus Christ, Who shall make a determination (or “determine what is right”) concerning the living and the dead in harmony with His blazing forth, even His kingdom.

Paul now gives Timothy a charge. However, we have to ask ourselves: is this charge before two people, God and the Lord Jesus Christ, or is it before a single Being? An examination of the Greek should clear this up for us. The word translated “and” in the New King James Version is the Greek kai. The Greek word kai was used in ways our English word “and” generally is not. It was often used between two words that mean the same thing. This may be called the “kai appositional principle,” when kai defines the previous word by attaching a second word that clarifies the meaning of both. In other words, instead of joining two separate things, kai can be used between two words that mean the same thing.

In many places, our translators recognize this aspect of the word kai. For example, in Romans 15:6 this meaning is clear. Read the rest of this entry »

In previous articles we have gone through and examined every occurrence of the Hebrew word “Sheol,” the word often translated as “hell” in many English Bible versions. We saw that it is something that both the righteous and the wicked expect to go to when they die. After examining its use we concluded that it is not a place at all, but rather a state of being, basically the state of death. Those who are in Sheol are those who are in the death state. Yet Sheol is the death state with resurrection in view, which is why both the righteous and the wicked, both God’s people and His enemies, are said to be there after death. Read the rest of this entry »

I received the following questions:

We look forward to the next great dispensation as “the kingdom of God.” If the kingdom should come tomorrow, everyone now living would be in the kingdom (at least briefly). Also many would begin to be resurrected into the kingdom to live during the kingdom.

My questions are: Do we have any idea the criteria for a. eliminating those not fit for the kingdom?

b. being resurrected into the kingdom?

c. being judged on Judgment Day? Read the rest of this entry »