Who is writing what to whom − when, where, and why?
“what” – JAMES
“who” – Written by the apostle James, “a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ” (James 1:1). The name in Greek was Iakobos (Jacobus/Jacob), but was translated as “James” in the KJV and other early English translations. This James was identified as “the Lord’s brother” (Galatians 1:19).
“to whom” – To the leaders (ekklesias – out-positioned) of “the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad.”
“when” – During The Great Scattering described in Acts 8-12 (A.D. 40s).
“where” – Written from Jerusalem.
“why” – The purpose of James was to address the leaders (ekklesias) of those who were scattered during The Great Scattering, the second period of Acts, following The Great Unity. It was written to deal with issues that the believers were facing, such as personal trials of faith, the conflict between rich and poor, and the hypocrisy of those who said they had faith and yet did not act upon it. Read the rest of this entry »